Common Butterfly Species

black_swallowtailBlack Swallowtail. The black swallowtail butterfly, also called the American or parsnip swallowtail, has a wingspan of 2-1/2″ to 3-1/2″. The upper surface of the forewings are two parallel rows of yellow submarginal spots that contrast with the basal black color of the wings. These spots are present on the hindwings, but with a curving row of blue spots between the rows of yellow.

black_swallowtailMonarch. The monarch butterfly has a wingspan of 3-1/4″ to 4″. The base color of the wings is orange, with black wing veins and thick, black marginal areas containing rows of white spots. The color of the upper surface of the wings is deep orange; that of the undersurface is much paler.

black_swallowtailViceroy. The viceroy butterfly has a wingspan ot 2″ to 3″. Its orange and black coloration is very similar to that of the monarch butterfly, but the hindwings have a curved black line of pigment parallel to the margin. The orange color of the upper and undersurface of the wings is more nearly the same in the viceroy.

black_swallowtailCabbage Butterfly. The adult, which also is known as the European cabbage butterfly or small white, has a wing span of 1″ to 1 1/4″. The upper surfaces of the wings are white with a single dark spot and dark tip on the forewings, and a single dark spot on the hindwings. The undersurfaces may have a yellowish cast, and two dark spots are visible on the forewings.

black_swallowtailFlorida Atala. The slow-flying butterfly has a wingspan of 1-1/2″ – 2″. The head and thorax are black with small patches of light blue iridescent scales. The abdomen is orange. The wings are black or dark brown. The underside of the hindwing has a large red-orange spot near the abdomen and many iridescent blue spots throughout. Large blue areas are found on the upper surfaces of the winds.